insomnia and muscle spasms Benzodiazepines are used for their sedative, anxiety relieving and muscle relaxing effects.
Diazepam works by acting on receptors in the brain called GABA receptors. This causes the release of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that are stored in nerve cells in the brain and nervous system. They are involved in transmitting messages between the nerve cells. GABA is a neurotransmitter that acts as a natural 'nerve calming' agent. It helps keep the nerve activity in the brain in balance, and is involved in inducing sleepiness, reducing anxiety and relaxing muscles. ADVERTISEMENT CONTINUE READING BELOW As diazepam increases the activity of GABA in the brain, it increases its calming effect and results in sleepiness, a decrease in anxiety and relaxation of muscles. Diazepam has several uses. Firstly, it can be used to calm severe anxiety and agitation. For example, benzodiazepines such as diazepam are effective at quickly reducing the symptoms of anxiety and agitation that occur in a manic episode of the psychiatric illness, bipolar affective disorder. A benzodiazepine may be given as part of the initial treatment of a manic episode, though they are not licensed specifically for this purpose. Benzodiazepines help calm the individual while the main medicines for this condition (mood stabilisers) begin to take effect. Oral forms of diazepam are also used for short term treatment of severe anxiety associated with insomnia. Diazepam decreases the time taken to fall asleep and wakings during the night, as well as increasing the total amount of time spent sleeping. However, it is only suitable for short term treatment of insomnia and anxiety as it has a high potential for dependence and addiction. As diazepam remains active in the body for many hours, drowsiness may also last into the next day. Diazepam is also given for its sedating and anxiety relieving effects as a pre med before surgery or medical investigations and procedures, and to alcoholics during acute alcohol withdrawal ('cold turkey'). The second main use of diazepam is in controlling convulsions, for example associated with poisoning, or seizures associated with fever in children (febrile convulsions). It is particularly useful for controlling repeated epileptic fits when the person doesn't recover conciousness between fits (status epilepticus). Diazepam helps control convulsions because the increased activity of GABA that it causes in the brain helps to calm the excessive electrical nerve activity that is responsible for causing seizures. A further use of diazepam is in controlling muscle spasms due to tetanus or poisoning. These effects may continue into the following day and are made worse by drinking alcohol. From March 2015 a new 'drug driving' law comes into force, which makes it an offence to drive with certain burberry sale outlet store drugs or prescription medicines above specified limits in your body. The list includes diazepam, which means it may be an offence to drive while you are taking this medicine. The new law will allow police to use roadside drug tests to check for the presence of the prohibited drugs in a driver's saliva. There are very low limits for illegal drugs, but higher limits for prescribed medicines. This should mean that most people taking diazepam as prescribed will not be breaking the law, provided they are not driving dangerously. If you are found to be above the limit for diazepam there is a medical defence if you are taking the medicine as prescribed, as long as your driving is not impaired. If you are taking a high dose of diazepam it may therefore be sensible to carry your prescription with you when driving, in case you burberry outlet uk online shopping are asked to take a test by the police. However, if you are driving dangerously while taking this medicine you will be breaking the law. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy. If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately. Can I take Diazepam while pregnant or breastfeeding? Certain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before using any medicine. This medicine may be harmful to a developing baby and it should be avoided during pregnancy unless considered essential by your doctor. This is particularly important during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy and before or during labour. Regular use during pregnancy should especially be polo burberry outlet avoided, as the baby could become dependent on the medicine and then suffer withdrawal symptoms after the birth. If this medicine is used in late pregnancy or during labour burberry summer sale it may cause floppiness, low body temperature and breathing or feeding difficulties in the baby after birth. It should not be used by breastfeeding mothers as it may be harmful to the nursing infant. Seek medical advice from your doctor.
Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. As this could make it less effective, your doctor may need to prescribe you a larger than normal dose of diazepam if you are taking any of these medicines:.
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